Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that occurs when the immune system attacks the myelin sheath, a protective layer that covers nerve fibres, causing damage to nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. Deterioration of the nerve cells limits communication between certain parts of the nervous system and consequently leads to the development of physical and cognitive problems.
Spasticity is associated with different neurodegenerative diseases and disabilities that can be either congenital or acquired.
It is estimated at present that twelve million people in the world suffer from spasticity, with cerebral palsy and multiple sclerosis being the most common causes.
Knowing the causes and effects of spasticity can help to provide a comprehensive treatment to counter its effects and improve the quality of life of those living with it.
An active lifestyle with plenty of opportunities for exercise is essential for many wheelchair users and provides a much-needed boost of vitality, increased energy, improved muscle tone and greater coordination, as well as improving physical and mental health.
Find out more about the types of wheelchair exercises and the benefits it can provide.
Equine therapy is considered an integrative therapy because it positively affects cognitive, physical, social, and occupational development. The fact that it is beneficial in so many aspects makes it a very useful tool for improving the quality of life of people with disabilities.